3D Printed Concrete: A next generation of concrete which may rule in the future of Construction World
3D printed Concrete could change the landscape of the architecture & construction world. Since 3D printing can produce new shapes and forms that current technologies are unable to, it could lead to a change in the centuries-old methods that are still used to construct buildings.
In general, the construction industry has trouble with sustainability. It creates hoops that need to be jumped through in order to maintain its insatiable appetite for concrete.
An alternative to conventional construction is 3D-printed concrete. 3D printed concrete is capable of transforming the world of architecture and construction thanks to the flexibility it offers in terms of shapes and forms.
Why you use Glass?
But concrete can have a negative impact on the environment. Due to the exponential increase in demand for concrete, river sand has been extracted indefinitely, causing ecological imbalance. Concrete is made from Portland cement, water, and aggregates such as sand and gravel.
As glass is made from sand and can be recycled easily, it can be made into concrete. However, millions of tons of waste glass are generated worldwide annually that ends up in landfills.
Construction Process of 3D Printed Concrete
Scientists have used recycled glass to create concrete for 3D printing using recycled glass. By replacing all of the aggregates with recycled brown soda-lime beverage glass obtained from a local recycling company, all of the aggregates were replaced.
Throughout the process, bottles were crushed, then the crushed pieces were washed, dried, ground, milled, and sieved. The particles resulting from the process were smaller than a millimeter square, so they were used to replace sand in concrete.
Using the concrete produced, 3D-printed wall materials and prefabricated building blocks were developed for a brand new building. Not only is the new concrete perfect for recycling waste glass, but it's also more durable and requires less maintenance.
Power of 3D Printing
A product of these processes, similar to sand, is used in the manufacturing of concrete. By 3D printing, prefabricated elements of walls and blocks can be created, allowing for the construction of buildings according to updated designs and time periods.
Glass contributes beyond sustainable & it contributes to the creation of concrete with superior properties to concrete containing natural sand. In addition, soda-lime glass concrete has better insulation properties, thanks to a thermal conductivity that is three times lower than that of traditional concrete. This feature can allow buildings to use less energy for cooling and heating.
Sustainability without compromising the Quality
The research also involved replacing ordinary cement in concrete with limestone powder without compromising its quality.
In concrete, cement is used to bind the ingredients and harden them. However, the production of cement contributes to global warming and rapid climatic change by releasing huge amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Advantage of using Glass made 3D Printed Concrete over traditional Concrete
As glass has a much lower thermal conductivity than quartz aggregate, a major component of concrete, concrete made from recycled glass is more insulating.
To learn more, watch the following video tutorial.
Video Source: Apis Cor
As a result of the presence of glass, concrete that has superior properties to concrete made from natural sand is not only a solution for waste, but also a means of obtaining concrete that is free of harmful pollutants.
Unlike the quartz aggregate commonly used in concrete, the most common type of glass, soda-lime glass, has a thermal conductivity substantially lower than that of quartz aggregate, which is commonly used as windows and bottles.
Consequently, concrete that contains recycled glass will have better insulation properties, reducing cooling and heating costs significantly in summer and winter.