Know about Mortar and Cement, their types, and their differences
A brief explanation of Mortar
In order to fill the voids between blocks of stone, brick, or concrete during building, the mortar contains bonding enhancers. Additionally, it is employed in construction and maintenance work.
To form a strong barrier between stones or bricks and keep air and moisture from entering the construction, the mortar is placed as a thick paste that quickly solidifies.
Bricks' joint reinforcements, etc., and mortar can bind together. It contributes to the construction of a beautiful and sturdy structure formation.
A brief explanation of Cement
While Portland cement, white cement, and masonry can be used to create structures, Portland cement is the most common type of cement used for structural purposes.
The mortar joins the masonry units in structural systems because it might contain masonry cement, lime, and sand or Portland cement with lime.
The cement to other component ratio impacts the absorption potential as well as the resistance to compression and adhesion.
Various kinds of Mortar
According to the ingredients used in the mortar mix, there are several types of mortar used for construction purposes.
Sand is used as the fine aggregate in cement mortar, a form of mortar in which cement is utilized as a bonding agent. The ratio of cement to cement mortar sand varies from 1: 2 to 1: 6, depending on the required strength.
Sand is used as the fine aggregate in lime mortar, which uses lime as a bonding agent. The cement mortar's lime/sand ratio is held constant at 1: 2.
Sand is used as the fine aggregate in gauged mortar, a form of mortar that also uses cement and lime as bonding agents. In essence, cement is added to a lime mortar to increase strength.
Surki mortar is a form of mortar in which surki is used as a fine aggregate in addition to lime as a bonding agent. Surki mortar can be an inexpensive solution to your problem.
Sawdust, rice husk, or cow dung are used as the fine aggregate in mud mortar, a form of mortar in which mud is utilized as a bonding substance. When neither lime nor cement is available, mud mortar can be an effective solution based on your circumstances.
Various Kinds of Cement
According to the ingredients used in the cement, there are several types of cement used for construction purposes.
Ordinary Portland Cement
Common Portland cement is frequently utilized in everyday building projects. Common Portland cement is made up of silicates or alumina clays and Calcium carbonate or calcareous.
Portland Pozzolana Cement
Pozzolans are substances, either natural or artificial, that have reactive forms of silica. When it is finely split, it combines with the calcium hydroxide produced by hydrating the cement to produce further cementation materials. Portland Pozzolana Cement is made of, materials made of pozzolanic clinker and plaster.
Construction near the coast, construction of dams, and hydraulic structures are some of the uses of Portland Pozzolana Cement.
Ordinary portland cement acquires strength more quickly than other types of cement when finely ground tri-calcium silicate is used in a greater proportion. Rapid-Hardening cement is the name of this kind of cement.
Rapid-Hardening cement is typically used for building projects that need to be completed quickly, including paving. This kind of cement also has a bit more endurance.
To learn more, watch the following video tutorial.
Video Source: Civil Mentors
Low Heat Cement
It is a form of cement used in construction that creates less environmental hydration heat. To lower the heat of hydration, some of the chemical makeup of regular Portland cement is changed.
It is employed in the fabrication of substantial dam feet, substantial raft slabs, and substantial wind turbine baseboards. Chemical plant building also makes use of it.
White cement is quite similar to ordinary Portland cement, except for its color. Amounts of iron oxide and manganese oxide are low in white cement. It is expensive, so OPC is not economical for ordinary work.
It can also be used for traffic barriers, title grout, swimming pools, title patch materials, and terrace surfaces.
Possible elements distinguishing Cement from Morter
1. Cement, sand, aggregates, and water are the ingredients in concrete, whereas cement, sand, and water are the ingredients in a mortar.
2. Mortar is substantially weaker than concrete.
3. Concrete is more durable than mortar.
4. Although the water-cement ratio is higher in mortar, the goal of concrete is to maintain it as low as feasible.
5. Bricks are commonly joined together using mortar, which is a strong binding medium. Concrete is utilized in all sorts of construction projects, including buildings, bridges, highways, etc., because of its increased strength and durability.
6. Although concrete produces long-lasting results, mortar needs to be updated every 20 to 30 years.