Industrial Building: What you need to know
The construction business is divided into three categories: residential, commercial, and infrastructure.
While it may appear to be a straightforward statement on the surface, the fact is that each involves a complex subset of categories that necessitate distinct laws, regulations, and planning requirements.
Buildings in the industrial sector typically have a functional interior for operating equipment or overhead cranes, a mezzanine or office area, and sufficient headroom for overhead cranes.
Industrial warehouses house a company's entire assets, including its offices, machinery warehouses, production areas, and workers' offices, as well as raw materials and finished goods.
The construction of industrial buildings may precede the establishment of a business or follow the funding of a specific business line.
If the investment is made in the second instance, construction can begin with the equipment and tasks at the site according to the relevant laws and regulations regarding safety and civil protection.
Types of Industrial Building
Here are a few types of industrial buildings:-
Cold Storage purpose
Dairy, fruit, and meat are often distributed through cold storage and refrigeration facilities. This type of facility has dedicated rooms for cooling and freezing in order to provide a temperature-controlled environment for preserving commodities before delivery.
This is necessary because food products have a limited shelf life and can spoil quickly if not stored at the correct temperature.
Refrigeration and cold storage facilities are designed to maintain a temperature-controlled environment in order to maintain the freshness of the food items and keep them safe for consumption.
In addition, dock seals are specially designed and overhead doors are insulated to maintain the correct temperature for the goods.
Storage-type industrial buildings
These conventional one-story structures range in size from 5,000 square feet to hundreds of thousands, and they are used for the storage and delivery of commodities. Ceilings are typically at least 60 feet high due to the necessary racking and storage systems placed under the roof.
Loading docks, substantial truck doors, and parking areas large enough to handle the semi-trailers required for distribution are further distinguishing characteristics.
Manufacturing-type industrial buildings
To operate the large machinery housed within these structures, these structures are equipped with a three-phase electric power supply. Buildings used for manufacturing contain the expensive machinery that is used to produce commodities and materials.
A high-capacity ventilation and exhaust system, coupled with massive ductwork, is used to remove dangerous chemicals and fumes within the building and ensure clean air.
Telecom-type industrial building
These buildings, also known as switching, cyber, or online hosting facilities, have redundant power supplies that enable equipment to run in the case of a probable outage from one source.
These buildings also have elaborate security systems, specialized HVAC units that can effectively cool the gear, and reinforced flooring to sustain the tremendous weight of the equipment.
Research-type industrial building
A research and development center is another type of flexible facility that is typical of the biotechnology and technology sectors.
In order to create and improve goods, research and development centers sometimes combine offices, labs, and even manufacturing spaces on a campus-like location.
Due to its electrical testing laboratories, research & development buildings may demand more power than a normal flex facility.
Due to its complex nature, the industrial building construction process is unique over others, so let us dive into the five main areas of the process:-
The secret to a successful industrial build, once your project's objectives have been established, is to collaborate with a reputable, knowledgeable construction firm that will realize your vision.
To learn more, watch the following video tutorial.
Video Source: Civil Shastra
In addition to the usual design concerns, industrial buildings must meet highly specific demands. A common consideration is to ensure that large equipment and trucks have enough space and traffic flow for them, properly anchor heavy gear, and install the necessary HVAC and air supply units.
Setting up the foundation
Due to the fact that the footings and bracing will support the entire weight of the warehouse, their type will determine how this stage is carried out. A concrete base or a concrete base combined with steel might increase stability.
Several different types of covers can be used for the deck, including metal covers, panels, in situ covers, as well as deck-style covers. Covers are available in several different thicknesses depending on what they are used for and what their purpose is.
Regardless of the type of structure, ventilation is crucial. It may be accomplished via either mechanical devices, like the exhaust fan or natural forces, like aeration. Dust will be removed, heat will be removed, and used air may be changed out for new air.